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Naslov: Fosilni kapital: uspon parnoga pogona i korijeni globalnog zatopljenja
Autor(i): Andreas Malm
Godina izdanja: 2018
Fosilni kapital pokazuje kako klimatska kriza počinje nelogičnim prelaskom s obnovljivih na fosilna goriva u ranoj industrijalizaciji u Britaniji. Zašto su se tvorničari okrenuli od dostatne i jeftine obnovljive energije golemih vodenica k stroju pogonjenom ugljenom? Protivno uobičajenome mišljenju, ugljen nije pružao ni jeftiniju ni obilniju energiju, ali se njime moglo nadmoćnije kontrolirati podređenu radnu snagu. Oživljen fosilnim gorivima, kapital je mogao koncentrirati proizvodnju na lokacijama s najjeftinijom radnom snagom i u najpovoljnije doba dana, što nastavlja globalno činiti i danas.
Naslov: Upwelling systems of the world: a scientific journey to the most productive marine ecosystems
Autor(i): Jochen Kämpf, Piers Chapman
Godina izdanja: 2016
Upwelling systems are special places in the oceans where nutrient-enriched water is brought into the euphotic zone to fuel phytoplankton blooms that, via marine food-web interactions, create the world’s richest fish resources. This book introduces the reader to the interdisciplinary science of upwelling and provides a comprehensive overview of the world’s most productive marine ecosystems in the context of climate variability, climate change and human exploitation. This material presented is suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate study or just for anyone interested to learn about the creation of life in the oceans and how this is compromised by human activities.
Naslov: Phenological research : methods for environmental and climate change analysis
Autor(i): Irene L. Hudson, Marie R. Keatley (editors)
Godina izdanja: 2010
As climate change continues to dominate the international environmental agenda, phenology – the study of the timing of recurring biological events – has received increasing research attention, leading to an emerging consensus that phenology can be viewed as an ‘early warning system’ for climate change impact. A multidisciplinary science involving many branches of ecology, geography and remote sensing, phenology to date has lacked a coherent methodological text. This new synthesis, including contributions from many of the world’s leading phenologists, therefore fills a critical gap in the current biological literature. Providing critiques of current methods, as well as detailing novel and emerging methodologies, the book, with its extensive suite of references, provides readers with an understanding of both the theoretical basis and the potential applications required to adopt and adapt new analytical and design methods. An invaluable source book for researchers and students in ecology and climate change science, the book also provides a useful reference for practitioners in a range of sectors, including human health, fisheries, forestry, agriculture and natural resource management.
Naslov: Helmholtz : a life in science
Autor(i): David Cahan
Izdavač: The University of Chicago Press
Godina izdanja: 2018
Hermann von Helmholtz was a towering figure of nineteenth-century scientific and intellectual life. Best known for his achievements in physiology and physics, he also contributed to other disciplines such as ophthalmology, psychology, mathematics, chemical thermodynamics, and meteorology. With Helmholtz: A Life in Science, David Cahan has written a definitive biography, one that brings to light the dynamic relationship between Helmholtz’s private life, his professional pursuits, and the larger world in which he lived.
Utilizing all of Helmholtz’s scientific and philosophical writings, as well as previously unknown letters, this book reveals the forces that drove his life—a passion to unite the sciences, vigilant attention to the sources and methods of knowledge, and a deep appreciation of the ways in which the arts and sciences could benefit each other. By placing the overall structure and development of his scientific work and philosophy within the greater context of nineteenth-century Germany, Helmholtz also serves as cultural biography of the construction of the scientific community: its laboratories, institutes, journals, disciplinary organizations, and national and international meetings. Helmholtz’s life is a shining example of what can happen when the sciences and the humanities become interwoven in the life of one highly motivated, energetic, and gifted person.
Naslov: Gene machine: the race to decipher the secrets of the ribosome
Autor(i): Venki Ramakrishnan
Godina izdanja: 2018
Everyone has heard of DNA. But by itself, DNA is just an inert blueprint for life. It is the ribosome–an enormous molecular machine made up of a million atoms–that makes DNA come to life, turning our genetic code into proteins and therefore into us. Gene Machine is an insider account of the race for the structure of the ribosome, a fundamental discovery that both advances our knowledge of all life and could lead to the development of better antibiotics against life-threatening diseases. But this is also a human story of Ramakrishnan’s unlikely journey, from his first fumbling experiments in a biology lab to being the dark horse in a fierce competition with some of the world’s best scientists. In the end, Gene Machine is a frank insider’s account of the pursuit of high-stakes science.
Naslov: Principles of environmental physics : plants, animals, and the atmosphere
Autor(i): John Monteith, Mike Unsworth
Godina izdanja: 2013
This book provides a basis for understanding the complex physical interactions of plants and animals with their natural environment. It is the essential reference to provide environmental and ecological scientists and researchers with the physical principles, analytic tools, and data analysis methods they need to solve problems. This book describes the principles by which radiative energy reaches the earth’s surface and reviews the latest knowledge concerning the surface radiation budget. The processes of radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, and carbon dioxide exchange are analyzed. Many applications of environmental physics principles are reviewed, including the roles of surface albedo and atmospheric aerosols in modifying microclimate and climate, remote sensing of vegetation properties, wind forces on trees and crops, dispersion of pathogens and aerosols, controls of evaporation from vegetation and soil (including implications of changing weather and climate), and interpretation of micrometeorological measurements of carbon dioxide and other trace gas fluxes.