- Nove knjige u Knjižnici
Naslov: Involvement of Fluids in Earthquake Ruptures
Autor(i): Teruo Yamashita, Akito Tsutsumi
Godina izdanja: 2018
This book furnishes state-of-the-art knowledge about how earthquake faulting is coupled with fluid flow. The authors describe the theoretical background of modeling of faulting coupled with fluid flow in detail. Field and laboratory evidence to suggest the fluid involvement in earthquake faulting is also carefully explained. All of the provided information constitutes together a basic framework of the fault modeling for a comprehensive understanding of the involvement of fluids in earthquake ruptures. Earthquake generation is now widely believed to be significantly affected by high-pressure fluid existing at depths. Consequently, modeling study of earthquake faulting coupled with fluid flow is becoming increasingly active as a field of research. This work is aimed at a wide range of readers, and is especially relevant for graduate students and solid-earth researchers who wish to become more familiar with the field.
Naslov: Pythonic Geodynamics : Implementations for Fast Computing
Autor(i): Gabriele Morra
Godina izdanja: 2018
This book addresses students and young researchers who want to learn to use numerical modeling to solve problems in geodynamics. Intended as an easy-to-use and self-learning guide, readers only need a basic background in calculus to approach most of the material. The book difficulty increases very gradually, through four distinct parts. The first is an introduction to the Python techniques necessary to visualize and run vectorial calculations. The second is an overview with several examples on classical Mechanics with examples taken from standard introductory physics books. The third part is a detailed description of how to write Lagrangian, Eulerian and Particles in Cell codes for solving linear and non-linear continuum mechanics problems. Finally the last one address advanced techniques like tree-codes, Boundary Elements, and illustrates several applications to Geodynamics. The entire book is organized around numerous examples in Python, aiming at encouraging the reader to learn by experimenting and experiencing, not by theory.
Naslov: Voda u agroekosustavima
Autor(i): izv. prof. dr. sc. Gabrijel Ondrašek; prof. dr. sc. Dragutin Petošić; akademik Franjo Tomić, profesor emeritus; doc. dr. sc. Ivan Mustać; dr. sc. Vilim Filipović; doc. dr. sc. Marko Petek, dr. sc. Boris Lazarević i Marina Bubalo, mag. ing. aedif.
Izdavač: Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Agronomski fakultet
Godina izdanja: 2015
Sveučilišni udžbenik Voda u agroekosustavima namijenjen je studentima raznih studija agronomije te zainteresiranim čitateljima srodnih prirodnih i tehničkih struka i disciplina (npr. šumarstva, ekologije, geologije, građevine, hidrotehnike) da bi se približila uloga i važnost vode u (agro)ekosustavima. Udžbenik je većim dijelom usmjeren na vodu u agroekosustavima biljne proizvodnje s intencijom urednika i autora da se obuhvati i suvremenim spoznajama „osvježi“ gradivo temeljnih nastavnih programa Zavoda za melioracije (Poljoprivredne melioracije, Odvodnja, Navodnjavanje, Vodni režim supstrata u zaštićenom prostoru i dr.). Sadržajno, udžbenik je organiziran unutar sedam tematskih poglavlja, te popis skraćenica i indeks pojmova.
Naslov: Python Data Science Handbook
Autor(i): Jake VanderPlas
Godina izdanja: 2017
For many researchers, Python is a first-class tool mainly because of its libraries for storing, manipulating, and gaining insight from data. Several resources exist for individual pieces of this data science stack, but only with the Python Data Science Handbook do you get them all—IPython, NumPy, Pandas, Matplotlib, Scikit-Learn, and other related tools. Working scientists and data crunchers familiar with reading and writing Python code will find this comprehensive desk reference ideal for tackling day-to-day issues.
Naslov: Machine Learning Methods in the Environmental Sciences
Autor(i): William W. Hsieh
Izdavač: Cambridge University Press
Godina izdanja: 2009
Machine learning methods originated from artificial intelligence and are now used in various fields in environmental sciences today. This is the first single-authored textbook providing a unified treatment of machine learning methods and their applications in the environmental sciences. Due to their powerful nonlinear modelling capability, machine learning methods today are used in satellite data processing, general circulation models(GCM), weather and climate prediction, air quality forecasting, analysis and modelling of environmental data, oceanographic and hydrological forecasting, ecological modelling, and monitoring of snow, ice and forests. The book includes end-of-chapter review questions and an appendix listing websites for downloading computer code and data sources. A resources website contains datasets for exercises, and password-protected solutions are available. The book is suitable for first-year graduate students and advanced undergraduates. It is also valuable for researchers and practitioners in environmental sciences interested in applying these new methods to their own work.
Naslov: Fosilni kapital: uspon parnoga pogona i korijeni globalnog zatopljenja
Autor(i): Andreas Malm
Godina izdanja: 2018
Fosilni kapital pokazuje kako klimatska kriza počinje nelogičnim prelaskom s obnovljivih na fosilna goriva u ranoj industrijalizaciji u Britaniji. Zašto su se tvorničari okrenuli od dostatne i jeftine obnovljive energije golemih vodenica k stroju pogonjenom ugljenom? Protivno uobičajenome mišljenju, ugljen nije pružao ni jeftiniju ni obilniju energiju, ali se njime moglo nadmoćnije kontrolirati podređenu radnu snagu. Oživljen fosilnim gorivima, kapital je mogao koncentrirati proizvodnju na lokacijama s najjeftinijom radnom snagom i u najpovoljnije doba dana, što nastavlja globalno činiti i danas.
Naslov: Upwelling systems of the world: a scientific journey to the most productive marine ecosystems
Autor(i): Jochen Kämpf, Piers Chapman
Godina izdanja: 2016
Upwelling systems are special places in the oceans where nutrient-enriched water is brought into the euphotic zone to fuel phytoplankton blooms that, via marine food-web interactions, create the world’s richest fish resources. This book introduces the reader to the interdisciplinary science of upwelling and provides a comprehensive overview of the world’s most productive marine ecosystems in the context of climate variability, climate change and human exploitation. This material presented is suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate study or just for anyone interested to learn about the creation of life in the oceans and how this is compromised by human activities.
Naslov: Phenological research : methods for environmental and climate change analysis
Autor(i): Irene L. Hudson, Marie R. Keatley (editors)
Godina izdanja: 2010
As climate change continues to dominate the international environmental agenda, phenology – the study of the timing of recurring biological events – has received increasing research attention, leading to an emerging consensus that phenology can be viewed as an ‘early warning system’ for climate change impact. A multidisciplinary science involving many branches of ecology, geography and remote sensing, phenology to date has lacked a coherent methodological text. This new synthesis, including contributions from many of the world’s leading phenologists, therefore fills a critical gap in the current biological literature. Providing critiques of current methods, as well as detailing novel and emerging methodologies, the book, with its extensive suite of references, provides readers with an understanding of both the theoretical basis and the potential applications required to adopt and adapt new analytical and design methods. An invaluable source book for researchers and students in ecology and climate change science, the book also provides a useful reference for practitioners in a range of sectors, including human health, fisheries, forestry, agriculture and natural resource management.
Naslov: Helmholtz : a life in science
Autor(i): David Cahan
Izdavač: The University of Chicago Press
Godina izdanja: 2018
Hermann von Helmholtz was a towering figure of nineteenth-century scientific and intellectual life. Best known for his achievements in physiology and physics, he also contributed to other disciplines such as ophthalmology, psychology, mathematics, chemical thermodynamics, and meteorology. With Helmholtz: A Life in Science, David Cahan has written a definitive biography, one that brings to light the dynamic relationship between Helmholtz’s private life, his professional pursuits, and the larger world in which he lived.
Utilizing all of Helmholtz’s scientific and philosophical writings, as well as previously unknown letters, this book reveals the forces that drove his life—a passion to unite the sciences, vigilant attention to the sources and methods of knowledge, and a deep appreciation of the ways in which the arts and sciences could benefit each other. By placing the overall structure and development of his scientific work and philosophy within the greater context of nineteenth-century Germany, Helmholtz also serves as cultural biography of the construction of the scientific community: its laboratories, institutes, journals, disciplinary organizations, and national and international meetings. Helmholtz’s life is a shining example of what can happen when the sciences and the humanities become interwoven in the life of one highly motivated, energetic, and gifted person.
Naslov: Gene machine: the race to decipher the secrets of the ribosome
Autor(i): Venki Ramakrishnan
Godina izdanja: 2018
Everyone has heard of DNA. But by itself, DNA is just an inert blueprint for life. It is the ribosome–an enormous molecular machine made up of a million atoms–that makes DNA come to life, turning our genetic code into proteins and therefore into us. Gene Machine is an insider account of the race for the structure of the ribosome, a fundamental discovery that both advances our knowledge of all life and could lead to the development of better antibiotics against life-threatening diseases. But this is also a human story of Ramakrishnan’s unlikely journey, from his first fumbling experiments in a biology lab to being the dark horse in a fierce competition with some of the world’s best scientists. In the end, Gene Machine is a frank insider’s account of the pursuit of high-stakes science.
Naslov: Principles of environmental physics : plants, animals, and the atmosphere
Autor(i): John Monteith, Mike Unsworth
Godina izdanja: 2013
This book provides a basis for understanding the complex physical interactions of plants and animals with their natural environment. It is the essential reference to provide environmental and ecological scientists and researchers with the physical principles, analytic tools, and data analysis methods they need to solve problems. This book describes the principles by which radiative energy reaches the earth’s surface and reviews the latest knowledge concerning the surface radiation budget. The processes of radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, and carbon dioxide exchange are analyzed. Many applications of environmental physics principles are reviewed, including the roles of surface albedo and atmospheric aerosols in modifying microclimate and climate, remote sensing of vegetation properties, wind forces on trees and crops, dispersion of pathogens and aerosols, controls of evaporation from vegetation and soil (including implications of changing weather and climate), and interpretation of micrometeorological measurements of carbon dioxide and other trace gas fluxes.